Local Plaridel news, Philippines
A Solution to a Depressing Situation as Covid19 Run Through in every Country and in every Individuals
Face Mask, Social Distancing, Curfew, Travel Pass, Permits, Limited Age to go out, Scheduled Window Hours and Time to go out, Long Lines and Check Points everywhere and anywhere. Online hunt for a Job and or Businesses.
These are are very depressing.
On my part I have done something right in my selfless right, that is, I am educating and scholarly attending this Series of Webinar Talks from the following Company, Institution, Center, Organization and Network 1] Great Effort from the Psychological Association of the Philippines every Special Interest Groups conducted Webinar for us Practitioners not to lose track with our own respective specialization; 2] Nourishing Guidance by The Abiva Publishing House, Inc. continuously conducting great Methodologies and Strategies handling our Profession as Teachers in the Elementary, Senior High and College Level; 3] Loving Support of MLAC Philippines who always on the look out of every Filipino Families; 4] DLS-CSB who reaches out sharing their views about Covid19; 5] An updates about our Filipino Workers abroad by the Philippine Migration Research Network; 6] HAGGAI Philippines to which evangelizing people with Mental Health Issues; 7] Online Counseling and Mental Health by the MindNation; and 8] MichaelUJimenez.com on Psycho-Social Counseling for Educators.
No longer depressing but fortified with gladness of learning, meeting people online, empathic experience, current issues, open forum and the "what to do about this next." Made me more motivated to resolute options or choices, projects, programs, researches, etc.
If people finds solutions, if people would want to have proper emotions and feelings, if people finds livelihood or jobs, if people continuously healing, if people are looking for people to find love and reconciliation... this is one point in my life partly that I would want to continue for a while during this Pandemic.
Covid 19 Sad Situation to those who are Affected but a lingering Reflection to those who are Confined Inside a Family House
Dated March 10 when my former school declared suspension of classes due to this Pandemic. From there until now four months in a row people around the world are scared, worried, shaken, dying, tired, unemployed, hungry, no money, businesses gradually are out of its circulation. Convention and seminars are postponed. Everything stops and everybody pays attention to this Pandemic. I been reading and listening to different news around the world and it's but sad and heartbroken because old people are dying, medical workers are dying, enforcers are dying, young ones are infected, even animals are dying just in a glimpse of this virus we are gradationally sweeping out.
But seeing through each Country, each Government, each Leaders, they are trying to find vaccine, solution financially, guidelines for the people not to be infected, education turns online, workers strive to find jobs, family looking for livelihood, Frontliners are sacrificing. Government Organizations are helping out devastated families. Different Webinars starts to give online trainings, online counseling, panel discussion, etc. and testing what will be our life in a new normal.
Lingering Reflection on my part as an Educator, Psychologist, Wife, Mother and the Elder in the family I could say it's very, very Depressing, Alone and begging for Mercy. Thinking aloud all the bills, food on the table, unemployment, scary news, window hours and days for us to go out just to buy what we need.
A BIG BUT, we instead starts to clean the house, we invent different dishes and desserts, arrange every parts of the house, we plant all kinds of vegetables and trees, we sell junks, we talk much and we fight much. We started to video call all our relatives and families, we pray the rosary and listen for the online masses every day. We have found friends around the neighbor. All the webinars that I need to attend attentively I am present. What more my handsome husband finds a new promising job, sooner I was given a blessed job, my younger asked to return back to his old job and hoping that my eldest find what she would like to be in service as his job.
Presently, We are moving in into the New Normal Situations, still each country are trying. Based from the news other countries are Covid19 free already, others continuously rising its cases, frustrating death are rising and some are very cautious about this.
It's impossible maybe for this virus to stop but its possible for us all in every country to unite and work together as one. As to how, we know how...
Latest news Plaridel - here are the news of nearby cities
When everything seems like a top priority, when you are constantly rushing to finish your work and when you are stretched too thin, it could be difficult to choose what to do at a particular time and what to do later. Here are some of the helpful tips to manage your deadlines.
How I Named My Kids
By: Aristotle Dadiz
July 7, 2010
Seven years ago, as young couple, we were very excited what to name our first baby specially when we got the result of my wife's ultrasound and finally knew the gender. I remember looking for names in the Bible and actually considered the name "Rachab". It was fair enough because for no apparent reason, I just changed my mind. Later on, I learned that Rachab was a prostitute whom God used to assist the Israelites in occupying Canaan. It was definitely a relief not calling our firstborn after a prostitute (though used by God). In this notion, I am sure all dads agree with me.
While still not decided for a name, I would say, I like reading credits whenever I watch movies particularly because I am always interested to take note of the copyright; and most copyright are right at the very end of the closing credits. So I would read every name. That is, when I am able to catch up with the rate of speed as the credits are rolling down. I realized that most names are short and rarely more than one, like: Lea, Susan, Lucy, among other familiar names. I told myself, I will name my daughter with a short one, easy to remember, easily pronounced, and easy to write. And so, the search was narrowed down. No more double, triple, long names to complicate the matter.
The next thing I did was reflect on myself and my name. Naturally, Greek philosophers and ancient scientists came to mind since I have the same name as the Greek philosopher, Aristotle. However, my Mother told me I was named after the Greek tycoon Aristotle Onassis as she was dreaming that I will also be a rich man. Probably not as rich as Ari Onassis, just the typical Filipino notion of “rich,” living a comfortable life. Now here’s the connection, Mr. Onassis became rich in the shipping industry and I became a sailor. Ari Onassis was an Oil Tycoon and I work now in the oil and gas sector. A bit strange, if you ask me. I even had a Greek assistant named Corianitis Panagiotis when I was employed as chief engineer on board a pleasure yacht. (And that too is a strange name.)
Moreover, as I dwelt on my name, I remembered as a teen-ager how I used to print my name backwards on walls. (Yes, I am one of those brats). Instead of “ARI” I would write “IRA”. Ari is my nickname and this is how I’m called at home and in our hometown in Ilocos Norte. “Ari” in the Ilocano dialect means “king.” But when we moved to Manila where I continued my high school, Ari didn’t sound good anymore specially when pronounced with a different stress like the way the Bisayas do. It would denote a very odd meaning, “ari ng lalake” which means, a man’s genital. So I started introducing myself as Aris, although when read backwards is “SIRA” meaning idiot; but if you include my last name, Aris Dadiz, when read backwards it would be, SIRA ZIDAD, meaning, “My dad is an idiot.” Poor dad.
Anyway, going back to IRA... Ira is said to be a male name, usually Dutch, but it’s also a female name. It does sound feminine to me. In the Bible, Ira was the chief adviser of King David (See 2 Sam. 20:26), and the name means watchful or wakeful. When I learned this, I became sure I’d like my daughter called “IRA”. And my wife Lyn was very pleased.
When Ira was a baby, she was always awake mostly at night and would cry if not cradled. That’s wakeful. I also remember vividly when Ira was just about 9 months old and my wife and I had a serious fight, Ira stared at us with a very serious look and acted as if she wanted to say, “Stop fighting”. I call that watchful. She’s now seven and she still does that today. The only difference is that she can talk very clearly and quite reasonably like an adult.
Further, it was easy to name our second child since we started this backward thing. We called our son, "NYL", obviously named after her mom, LYN. I compare his name to the Latin word “Nil” meaning, nothing or zero. In the state of Colorado, they have a motto that says, “Nil Sine Numine” meaning "Nothing without the Divine Will." We are nothing without Jesus (The Name above all names). We are nothing without a personal relationship with Him. On the other hand, zero °C is the freezing point of water, hence, Nyl is cool.
Nyl indeed is a very sweet and loving angel. You can see the humility in him particularly with how he treats his cousins. He knows how to give and share his toys and he listens to my instructions. By the way, Nyl was born on my birthday. Yes, we have the same birthdate. It has been this fifth year I am having a children’s party on my birthday. I would say to Nyl, “Happy birthday son.” And he would say, “Happy birthday Dad.” I tell you, it always sounds magical to my ears.
My wife just delivered our third child FAE, a baby girl. They’re the ones who inspired me to write this anecdote. “Fae” means Faith, as we are saved thru faith in Jesus. The “AE” is the first and last letter of mine and my wife’s name, Aristotle and Annalyne.
If we will be blessed in the future with another son, we will call him ÁCÉ (eysi). As mentioned, “A and E” is the first and last letter of my name and my wife’s which leaves “C” in the center. “C” stands for CHRIST who should be the center in our lives.
To God be the glory in giving wisdom to me and Lyn giving our offspring lovely and godly names.
Specially dedicated to my wife Lyn and to my children Ira, Nyl, and Fae.
Graphic Novel, Doodle Fiction and Manga
by Blain Micah Garcia
Graphic Novels are a format, not a genre. They can be fictional or non-fiction. They are similar to comic books because they use sequential art to tell a story. However, they are generally stand alone stories with more complex plot. In graphic novels, the story is told using pictures in sequence, panels, speech balloons, and other conventions of the comic book form and format. They have grown in popularity over the past decade. Manga Fiction is a type of graphic novel. Manga is the Japanese word for comic and in the US this word is used to describe Japanese style comics. They are written right to left (like flipping through a book backwards), and top to bottom. Digi Fiction is a book that includes passcodes so that there is more information for the book online. It might be short videos to watch, or more text. Sometimes Digi Fiction can also mean that the entire book can be found in an online version only.
Graphic novels can and should be used in the classroom much like any other form of reading material. They also tell a story, with all of the literary elements of traditional stories present: plot, character, setting, theme, climax, etc. Figurative language, symbolism, and other literary devices are also present in many graphic novels. Due to the scaffolding of illustration in addition to the text, concepts such as flashback, foreshadowing, and symbolism might be more readily identified and understood. Since graphic novels might be a new format for a lot of readers, teachers must make sure to take time to demonstrate the structure so that students will know how to read a graphic novel.
MarLiCa Art Gym reopens after long lockdown
By: Julius Antonio
Lipa City—MarLiCa Art Gym reopens its doors after 6 long months of lockdown
After Batangas was placed under general community quarantine (GCQ), a lot of business establishments and organizations have reopened, operating with only half of their usual workforce after months of lockdown. One of these organizations is the MarLiCa Art Gym which resumed operations on Sept. 18, after 6 months of quarantine.
MarLiCa Art Gym is an establishment offering free art lessons to the public. It is located in Inosluban, Lipa City.
The reopening of MarLica Art Gym is relevant to those who want to take some break from life's daily hassles. “No time to feel down in these COVID days,” said Dr. Carstensen, organization founder. More so, it provides an opportunity for aspiring artists in improving their skills and talent. Under the new normal, there are designated areas for people in line, observing mandated health protocols such as wearing facemasks and face shields.
“MarLiCa Art Gym was founded 20 years ago to give the public free access to materials and courses about basic drawing, painting, sculpting, mosaic making, pottery, and candle making for the young artists.”
Why hire a freelancer?
Today's work environment is changing nowadays. While traditional office pace is tied to eight- hour workdays, modern workers opt for a more flexible work schedule. This has paved the way for what we now know as Freelancing. It’s not a surprise to see why people from all over the world are gravitating towards the freelance set-up, given its freedom and autonomy. But working with freelancers offers lots of growth potential for businesses, too.
Here are some benefits why should you hire a freelancer?
1. Cost- Effectiveness
One of the top reasons why many companies hire freelancers is because they are more cost-effective than full-time employees. Sometimes, the work that needs to be filled isn’t routine or it could be a one-time task. Freelancers can accomplish the job and get paid only whenever you need them to do a project.
2. Access to top- tier talent
Freelancers are highly specialized professionals, many of them is devoted to hone their craft and enhancing their skills and knowledge. The freelance industry is not tied to industry's bureaucratic agencies, and instead prefer to work with their own terms, especially with the high value of their work.
Freelancers are very diverse- varying from different educational backgrounds, different working styles, ethnicity and such.
4. Options in Expanding your Team
Expanding your team depends on your industry's needs. Full time Workers, Part- time Workers, and Freelancers.
5. More Innovative
Freelancers tend to be more innovative and receptive to new technology, cutting edge ideas and suggestions. Whilst large firms could also offer wonderful and innovative ideas, freelancers, as they are not typically burdened with some pre-conceived attitudes, could step in and install cutting edge solutions to your business design issues to challenge even the best of your professionals.
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Most of us at GamblingSitesOnline have been involved with online gambling one way or another for many years. One of the most exciting aspects of our involvement has been watching how gambling sites have developed since the early versions. In terms of quality and the features on offer, the modern sites have come a very long way.
The evolution of online casinos has been especially interesting, and the top casinos these days provide a truly excellent gaming experience. One development in particular has provided a completely new way to play casino games online, and that is live dealer games.
Live dealer games have made playing over the Internet about as close to playing in a real casino as it possibly could be. They have proved to be hugely popular with many players; and if you haven't tried them yet, you really should consider giving them a go.
In this article, we explain how live dealer games work and look at the differences between them and traditional online casino games.
The way live dealer games work is actually very straightforward. Online casinos that offer them use real casino equipment and human dealers to run certain games. These are played in exactly the same way as they would in a real casino, with all the action broadcast over the web in real time.
You can play them using your computer. You get to place bets and make decisions in the usual way and watch as the dealers act accordingly. Everything is streamed directly through your web browser; and at some sites, you can even chat with the dealers and other players.
Live dealer games basically bring the real life casino experience right into your home. Unlike traditional online casino games, your luck is not determined by a random number generator, but by the truly random nature of cards, dice, and roulette wheels. All that is missing is someone to come and take your drink order!
Most live dealer casinos currently offer only a few games, although it is reasonable to expect that more will be available in the near future. The most commonly offered games at this moment in time are:
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You may find some casinos that have a few other games as well, but most of them tend to stick with the ones listed above largely because they are the easiest to operate.
In practical terms, there are not many differences between playing live dealer and traditional online games. They both work in essentially the same way, and you have the same chance of winning. However, there are a few key differences that may affect which you prefer to play.
Live dealer casinos only have a limited number of tables, so there may be occasions when you can't get a seat. This is just like in a real casino, of course, but it can be a little frustrating if you have to wait a while before being able to join in. This is not an issue with traditional online games as there are unlimited tables running at any given time.
Speed of Play
One of the big advantages of playing online games is the speed of play. Typically it will be a lot faster than playing live, and this appeals to many players. With live dealers, things slow down a bit, so this may not be ideal if you like to play at a fast pace.
The above points highlight a couple of the negative aspects of playing with live dealers, but they are pretty minor all things considered. The main advantage of live dealer games is the overall experience they offer. In our opinion, it is simply that much more enjoyable since you feel far more involved than when playing the graphic-based equivalents.
We mentioned earlier how some sites offer the ability to chat with dealers and other players. This may not be what you are interested in, but it does add a little something. Gambling can be a lot more fun if you get to have a laugh and a joke with others now and then.
Some players find it difficult to fully trust the outcome of online casino games. Even though they have nothing to worry about if they are using a reputable casino, it is not all uncommon for players to fear that the games may be manipulated or fixed in some way. With live dealer games, this is not an issue at all, as you get to see the action unfold right before your eyes.
"Not all heroes wear capes, not all heroes are truly good."
Filipino movies and teleseryes have raised us to believe that heroes are infallible (and, in some cases, bulletproof). In real life, however, it’s not so black-and-white. Our national heroes were flesh and blood who made mistakes just like any other Filipino during their time.
The Luna brothers had a violent streak.
While Juan Luna is known for his award-winning and haunting "Spoliarium," history books often forget to tell us that he killed his wife. Yes, the country’s most famous painter and hero murdered his wife (and his mother-in-law!) in a fit of jealous rage. And there is also evidence that suggests his family used their connections so that he would get preferential treatment while in prison.
His brother Antonio was no better. The hot-headed general almost killed their friend, Jose Rizal. Once, again it was jealousy that drove Antonio to almost duel to the death with Rizal.
Luna refers to the moon, which is often associated with madness. Could this just be a coincidence?
Rizal and Goyo were known womanizers.
One of the first things we learn about Jose Rizal is that he was linked to a lot of women during his lifetime. In fact, almost everywhere he would go, he would find a suitable paramour. When his heart finally settled on the Irish beauty, Josephine Bracken, he had already earned a reputation of being a ladies’ man. (Initially, Bracken’s adoptive father was against the union of the 18-year-old girl and the doctor who was in his 30s.)
Despite this, Rizal was very strict with his sisters, especially with the boys they date. In a letter to Soledad, he scolds her for not introducing her “sweetheart” to their family. Now before we accuse Rizal of being anti-feminist, let’s not forget that the hero also supported women’s right to proper education, as he had written down in his letters to the Women of Malolos.
Quezon was a bit vain and shut down his critics.
Manuel Quezon was your typical charismatic politician whose mestizo looks captured the heart of a nation. It seems as though he was aware of this and he made the effort of having his sleek flat-top hairstyle groomed to perfection for his public appearances. Some even say that he had a personal barber. His efforts were not in vain (pun intended) because even at 5’6” he managed to impress almost everyone he met. A foreigner even said that he was “as handsome as a Roman god.”
This vanity, however, proved to be his heroic flaw. While history credits Quezon for being the “Ama ng Wikang Pambansa” and praises him for his open-door policy for Jewish refugees during WWII, there is also a dark chapter in this hero’s life.
The movie Quezon's Game depicted him as a puppet of the U.S. government and the ruling class. During his time in government, big businesses and landowners were favored over workers and farmers.
This depiction was not far-fetched. In fact, one of the most harrowing episodes during his governance was the Cabuyao Massacre. The Constabulary opened fired at Sakdalistas, a faction of government critics led no less than by Quezon's former ally. What made it worse was that this massacre happened in a church.
(The Sakdalistas later splintered into two groups. One group partnered with the Japanese and eventually became the Makapilis. The other group formed the Hukbalahap, which was later accused of killing Quezon’s wife, Doña Aurora.)
Aguinaldo ordered the killing of the Bonifacio brothers, was implicated in the murder of Antonio Luna and his followers, and pretty much sold the country.
Emilio Aguinaldo was more of a politician than a hero. Though we cannot deny his contribution during the Philippine-Spanish War, we also cannot avoid the dark deeds that made historians openly call him a traitor.
The start of his infamy in the history of the Philippines was at the Tejeros Convention. Though he wasn’t physically present, it was said that he conspired with his allies to corner Andres Bonifacio.
By giving the Supremo a meager role in the revolutionary government (nothing more than the equivalent of a treasurer), he angered Magdiwang, the Tagalog faction of the Katipunan. This is what further stirred animosity between Magdalo and Magdiwang.
Of course, it was revealed that he was the mastermind behind the murder of the Bonifacio brothers and General Antonio Luna, all of whom did not share his point of view in governance and also posed as threats to his leadership.
In his letters that were auctioned off to private buyers in 2019, he admitted to the murder of the Supremo. In his own words, he stated, “I had to yield,” which was said to be his concession to the advice of his allies that Bonifacio was more trouble than he’s worth.
Regarding Antonio Luna, his hit biopic depicted Aguinaldo as the mastermind behind the general’s gruesome death. Whatever really happened, many historians assume that it couldn’t have happened without Aguinaldo’s knowledge. Because of this, he was partly responsible for Luna’s death and of his aide, Paco Roman. (Luna’s loyal followers were also later tracked down and killed.)
The biggest betrayal of all, however, was the fact the Aguinaldo simply gave up the Philippines after all the lives that were lost for its freedom. When Cavite fell, his revolutionary government capitulated to Spain and accepted P1,700,000 as payment (he later said this was used to buy arms to take back the country, we can never really trust this). How’s that for a betrayal?
Did you know that?
Cyberviolence affects almost half of Filipino children aged 13-17
(According to the UNICEF study)
According to UNICEF, one in three young people in 30 countries said they have been a victim of online bullying, with one in five saying they skipped school due to cyberbullying and violence, according to a new poll released today by UNICEF, the United Nations organization working for children’s rights.
In the Philippines, latest national data show that cyberviolence affects almost half of children aged 13-171. The prevalence of cyberviolence for males (44 per cent) is almost the same for females (43 per cent).
One-third of cyberviolence experienced by Filipino children are in the form of verbal abuse over the internet or cellphone, while a fourth are through sexual messages. More females received messages of sexual nature or content than males. However, twice as many males than females reported having their nude body or sexual activities, whether real or falsified, shown on the internet or cellphone.
Violence against children, in all forms including online bullying or cyberbullying, has devastating effects on the physical and emotional wellbeing of young people. This can create lasting emotional and psychological scars, even physical harm. It is particularly challenging to address since children are vulnerable and have easy access to the internet, making them easy targets of online violence.
In the UNICEF U-Report poll conducted in June 2019, almost three-quarters of young people from 30 countries said that social networks including Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat and Twitter are the most common platforms for online bullying. Being connected online means that school no longer ends once a student leaves class, and neither does bullying.
The U-Report further revealed that 32 per cent believe that the government is mainly responsible in addressing online bullying, 31 per cent said that young people are responsible, while 29 per cent said internet companies. These show that opinions are equally divided on who should be responsible for ending online bullying – highlighting the need to involve children and young people in the shared responsibility.
UNICEF is calling for urgent action to implement policies that will protect children and young people from bullying – both online and offline. Addressing the problem requires action from all of us.
Establishing and equipping national helplines to support children and young people in reporting violence is a concrete step. Training teachers and parents to respond to and prevent bullying will ensure the safety of children and young people, particularly the most vulnerable ones.
Gathering better data about the online behavior of children and young people, and how criminals are using the internet, will guide policies and action plans.
UNICEF is also urging social media and social networking service companies to improve ethical standards and practices in collecting and managing information of children.
Red Tagging in the Philippines
Redtagging in the Philippines refers to the malicious blacklisting of individuals or organizations critical or not fully supportive of the actions of a sitting government administration. This blacklisting takes the form of being "tagged" as either a Communist or terrorist or both, regardless of one's actual political beliefs or group affiliations. Such blacklisting is a form of incitement and has pernicious effects on its targets. Redtagging may be performed by either public servants or shills.
Is the CPP-NPA a terrorist organization?
The CPP and its armed wing, the New People’s Army (NPA) was listed as a foreign terrorist organization in the United States in 2002.
On Dec. 5, 2017, President Rodrigo Duterte declared the CPP-NPA a terrorist organization.
The Human Security Act of 2007 (HSA) or Republic Act 9372 defines a terrorist organization as any group of persons that commit certain crimes in the Revised Penal Code--like rebellion, coup d’etat, kidnapping, and murder, among others--to sow “widespread and extraordinary fear and panic among the populace in order to coerce the government to give in to an unlawful demand.”
However, section 17 of the HSA requires the government to seek clearance from the court before an organization is officially declared “terrorist.” The Department of Justice filed a petition with a Manila regional trial court on Feb. 21, but the court has yet to decide the case.
What could happen if you’re red-baited?
Should the court rule in the government’s favor, persons and groups that are suspected—not necessarily proven—to be associated with the CPP-NPA may be put under surveillance, have their assets frozen, or even be detained without charges.
The risks of being tagged:
If the court declares the Communist Party of the Philippines a terrorist group, victims of red-tagging may be subject to:
▪️Interception and recording of communication
Sec. 7: Upon written order of the Court of Appeals (CA), police may record and interpret any communication (spoken or written) of a person suspected or charged with committing or conspiring to commit an act of terrorism, with the exception of communicating with one's lawyer and/or doctor, and journalists.
▪️Detention without charges
Sec. 19: In the event of an actual or imminent terrorist attack, persons suspected of terrorism or conspiracy may be detained without charges, as long as it is approved by a judge of the municipal/regional trial court, the Sandiganbayan, or CA nearest to the place of arrest.(Also refers to the Anti-Terror Law)
▪️Restricted travel and personal liberties
Sec. 26: Persons charged with terrorism or conspiracy--even if granted bail for lack of strong evidence--may be restricted to one's municipality or put under house arrest, and/or prohibited from using cellular phones, computers or other means of communication with those outside of the residence.
▪️Examination of bank records
Sec. 27: Provided there is probable cause, the CA may authorize law enforcement to examine the bank/financial records of persons charged or suspected of committing or conspiring to commit terrorism.
▪️Seizure and sequestration of assets
Sec. 39: Deposits, outstanding balances, businesses, transportation and communication equipment, and other assets and possessions of persons charged or suspected of committing or conspiring to commit terrorism shall be seized, sequestered and frozen.
The Human Security Act(HSA) lists four types of terrorism charges.
Four types of terrorism charges:
Any person who commits an act punishable by select provisions of the Revised Penal Code--such as rebellion, coup d'etat, murder, kidnapping, and arson--to sow widespread and extraordinary fear and panic among the populace to coerce the government to give in to an unlawful demand.
Those found guilty will serve 40 years of imprisonment without parole.
Conspiracy is when two or more persons come to an agreement to commit a crime of terrorism.
Conspirators shall also serve 40 years of imprisonment without parole
Any person who, not being the principal actor or conspirator, cooperates in the execution of a crime of terrorism.
Accomplices shall serve 17 years, four months and one day to 20 years of imprisonment.
Any person who is not part of the execution of the crime, but participates by a) profiting or assisting the offender to profit in the crime's effects; 2) concealing/destroying the body of the crime, effects, or instruments used; or 3) harboring, concealing or assisting the escape of the principal actor or conspirator/s of the crime (with the exception of spouses and legal and blood relatives).
Accessories to the crime shall serve 10 years and one day to 12 years of imprisonment.
Red-baiting in its most extreme can lead to warrantless arrests, torture, enforced disappearances (ED), or worst, extrajudicial killings (EJK), according to IPON’s 2012 study.
“Although Red-Baiting does not necessarily end in these human rights violations, many cases of EJK and ED involve Red-Baiting (sic).”
Has red-baiting occurred in the past?
One of the military’s primary strategies against the CPP-NPA under then president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo was “dismantling civil society organizations” that were purportedly “CPP front groups,” though with little to no proof, based on the 2008 report of United Nations human rights special rapporteur Philip Alston. He called it the “vilification of enemies.”
This resulted in a spate of extrajudicial executions of leftist activists, including human rights defenders, trade unionists and land reform activists, since Arroyo sat in office in 2001, he said.
In a news report, Arroyo’s executive secretary, Eduardo Ermita said the killings were “not a national policy.”
Leonen’s dissenting opinion cited Alston’s findings on red-baiting instances.
The HSA, the country’s principal counter-terrorist legislation, was enacted during Arroyo’s time.